Photogallery - 38 species of
ScorpionScorpions are an invertebrate animal with eight legs belonging to the order Scorpiones in the class Arachnida.
The scorpion body is divided into 2 main segments: the cephalothorax and the abdomen. The cephalothorax consists of the prosoma, and the abdomen of the mesosoma and the metasoma. All species of scorpion possess venom. In general scorpion venom is described as neurotoxic in nature. It consists of a variety of small proteins as well as sodium and potassium cations, which serve to interfere with neurotransmission in the victim. Scorpions use their venom to kill or paralyze their prey so that it can be eaten; in general it is fast acting, allowing for effective prey capture. Scorpions generally reproduce sexually and all species have male and female individuals. Reproduction is accomplished by the transfer of a spermatophore from the male to the female; scorpions have evolved a complex courtship and mating ritual to effect this transfer. Unlike the majority of Arachnida, scorpions are viviparous. The young are born one by one, and the brood is carried about on its mother's back until the young have under gone at least one moult. Read more..
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